The National Lottery was set up as a Government monopoly in 1934. Prior to February 2004, all National Lottery games fell under the responsibility of the Public Lotto Department. However, in February 2004, Maltco Lotteries Limited was awarded an exclusive licence to operate all the National Lottery games. This licence was valid for seven years, with the proviso of an additional year, in case of non-renewal due to a public call.
In October 2011, an international public tender for the concession rights of the National Lottery Games, namely Lotto, Super 5 and the Grand Lottery was published. Two bidders responded to the call and Maltco Lotteries emerged as the successful bidder and in June 2012, Maltco Lotteries Limited was awarded a 10-year concession by the Government of Malta and a 10-year licence granted by the Malta Gaming Authority (MGA), at the time known as the Lotteries and Gaming Authority. The second National Lottery Licence started to apply as from July 5, 2012.
The MGA regulates the operations of Maltco Lotteries Limited as the National Lottery Licensee and collects gaming tax from the licensee on behalf of the Government. A mechanism exists whereby the National Lottery Licensee contributes towards the Good Causes Fund and the Responsible Gaming Fund.